Cocaine Poisoning in Dogs
Cocaine Poisoning in Dogs occurs when Owner leave the drug within their dog’s
reach will expose them to ingestion or inhalation thus lead to an emergency which
can cause many other effects.
Symptoms of Cocaine Poisoning in Dogs
The signs related to cocaine poisoning in dogs are extensive.
there are several symptoms you will notice and they are as follow
Tremors, shaking or seizures
Rapid heart beat
Increased breathing rate and difficulty breathing
Drooping eyelids (ptosis)
Involuntary eye movements (nystagmus)
Dilated pupil (mydriasis)
Elevated blood pressure
Elevated body temperature
Increased physical sensitivity (hyperesthesia)
Inability to relax muscles (myotonia)
Uncontrolled movements (ataxia)
Heart rate abnormalities
Behavior changes like excitement, hyperactivity, circling and vocalization
Abnormal tail movement and reflex
Change in urine color
Lung sounds (with severe poisoning pneumonia can develop)
Causes of Cocaine Poisoning in Dogs
Cocaine poisoning will cause issues in 5 main areas.
Your pet’s behavior will become erratic, distressed and agitated
The temperature control within your dog’s body will be disturbed allowing for dangerously high temperatures to occur
The central nervous system disturbance will cause complications like vomiting and loss of muscle control
The circulatory system can cause changes in pulse and heart rate
Your dog’s respiratory system may be affected by changes in breathing rate
Diagnosis of Cocaine Poisoning in Dogs
In pets who have a case of poisoning that is less severe clinical signs, bloodwork,
and urinalysis may reveal the nature of the poisoning. In addition, if your pet is
vomiting, an evaluation of the stomach contents can point to the source of the toxin.
If you are able to provide the amount inhaled or ingested, the approximate time of
the incident, and the length of time since the symptoms of cocaine poisoning
became apparent, these factors will help the veterinary team to decide on the
best treatment for your dog
If your canine companion is not vomiting, the veterinarian may choose to induce
emesis and administer active charcoal to bind the drug to the stomach contents,
and in addition to this, give a medication that will encourage emptying of the bowels.
Your dog will require monitoring of his body temperature; cocaine is known to
make the body react with dangerously elevated temperatures.
Recovery of Cocaine Poisoning in Dogs
Your pet will need a quiet place to rest at home and may take a few days to return
to his normal state of behavior and health. Provide a quiet place for him to rest,
with plenty of water available.