Effects of cocaine on the heart
Effects of cocaine . Cocaine’s effects on the heart can cause series of immediate emergencies, such as a heart attack, and long-term damage.
Consistent cocaine use significantly increases the risk of heart disease. For people with preexisting heart health problems, even short-term cocaine use may elevate the risk.
Cocaine being a stimulant, elevates blood pressure and heart rate, and also makes a person feel more energetic and alert. Thus affect how the heart functions in the short term.
Prolonged cocaine use, however, may cause long-term heart health issues.
thus some effects of cocaine will be discussed below
Some of its effects of cocaine on the heart include:
Coronary artery disease
studies on cocaine users suggest that cocaine may increase the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) which causes blood vessels to narrow as a result of the buildup of plaque.
CAD is a risk factor for heart attack and stroke, as well as for sudden death. Cocaine users who have other risk factors — such as having overweight or eating an unhealthful diet — or who use cocaine for a long time may sustain further heart damage.
Higher blood pressure
Cocaine elevate blood pressure, increasing the risk of heart health problems and heart attack. A 2014 studyTrusted Source suggests that this risk may exist even in people who are young and healthy and only use cocaine occasionally.
Damage to the structure of the heart
Cocaine damage the physical structures of the heart, either directly or by causing other serious issues, such as high blood pressure. A small 2014 studyTrusted Source found that cocaine users who were otherwise young and healthy had enlarged left ventricles compared with non-users. They also had increased stiffness in the aorta, a major blood vessel of the heart.
People who use cocaine turn to have irregular or elevated heart rates. This is because cocaine changes the sodium and potassium ion channels in the heart, affecting its electrical system. Many people who use cocaine may feel as though their heart is racing while under the influence. For some, this can cause anxiety.
studies indicates that cocaine-related deaths increase in hot weather. It may be due to heat-induced heart rate changes triggering heart rhythm issues.
Causes of cocaine-associated chest pain include heart rhythm abnormalities, changes in the body’s demand for oxygen, heart attack, spasms of the arteries around the heart, and heart infections.
Heart attack and stroke
The damage that cocaine does to the heart and blood vessels increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. High blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and similar risk factors all increase a person’s risk of heart attack and stroke.
A 2018 study showed that cocaine may also increase the risk of heart attack in young people who would otherwise be at low risk. The study included 2,097 people under the age of 50 years who had had a heart attack.
The participants who used illegal drugs, such as cocaine, had fewer traditional heart health risk factors, including diabetes. Despite this, they were still twice as likely to die in the years following their heart attack.
About 5% of the participants had used cocaine before their heart attack. This fact suggests, though does not prove, that cocaine may trigger heart attack in some people.
A person who uses cocaine should see a doctor if:
He has cocaine use disorder and want help to quit
they have cocaine use disorder and other risk factors for heart disease, such as diabetes or high blood pressure
they have a history of unusual heart rhythms
they are undergoing treatment for heart health issues, and their symptoms are worsening
conclusion of effects of cocaine
Cocaine is a dangerous and potentially deadly drug.
Users undermine heart health, but chronic, frequent use presents the biggest risk.
Drug use disorders are real medical conditions, and treatment will often work. People who feel compelled to keep using cocaine should see a compassionate medical professional who specializes in addiction.